The county of Tripoli (1102 – 1289)

The County of Tripoli (1109–1289) was the last Crusader state founded in the Levant, located in what today are parts of western Syria and northern Lebanon, where exists the modern city of Tripoli. The Crusader state was captured and created by Christian forces in 1109, originally held by Bertrand of Toulouse as a vassal of Baldwin I of Jerusalem. The County of Tripoli later became a substate of the Principality of Antioch in the 13th century. In the mid-13th century, its leader Bohemond VI, under the influence of his father-in-law Hetoum I of Cilician Armenia, swore vassalage to the Mongol Empire, and contributed troops to the Mongol conquests in the region.

Raymond I of St Gilles

In retaliation, the Sultan Qalawun, of the Muslim Mamluks in Cairo, attacked and destroyed both Tripoli and Antioch, absorbing the territories back into the Islamic Empire in the late 13th century. The Fall of Tripoli took place in 1289.

1102 – 1105     Raymond I of St Gilles (count of Toulouse as Raymond IV)

1105 – 1109     William of Cerdagne [distant cousin]

1109 – 1112     Bertram of Toulouse [son of Raymond I]

1112 – 1137     Pons of Tripoli [son]

1137 – 1152     Raymond II of Tripoli [son]

1152 – 1187     Raymond III of Tripoli [son]

1187 – 1189     Raymond IV of Tripoli [son]

Siege of Tripoli (in the court you can see Lucia of Tripoli)

1189 – 1233     Bohemond IV of Antioch-Tripoli

1233 – 1252     Bohemond V of Antioch-Tripoli

1252 – 1275     Bohemond VI of Antioch-Tripoli

1275 – 1287     Bohemond VII of Antioch-Tripoli

1287 – 1289     Lucia of Tripoli